1945 – the Polish perspective
January 1945: the “liberation” of Warsaw

In the evening of the 17th of January 1945 in Moscow, 24 cannon salutes were fired to celebrate the capture of Warsaw. After 75 years the Russian government is replicating this gesture by organizing a firework show – along with the same salutes. Sadly, Kremlin is not only copying old gestures, but also returning to...

Poselstwo RP w Bernie. Przemilczana historia [The Polish Legation in Bern. An Untold History]
Review of the book by Danuta Drywa

What is most shocking about the activities of the Ładoś Group is how effective they were when it came to saving thousands of people from the Nazis in spite of the circumstances in which they were operating. There were no machine guns, no one shouted “Hurry up!” and nobody sneaked past the walls after dark....

A Count called Whimsy
fascinating story of Ignacy Korwin-Milewski

He lived during the era of steam and electricity and from the deck of the yacht he would give instructions to lawyers and brokers via a “wireless telegraph”. But his passions, temperament, and flippancy reminded his relatives of magnates from the borderlands two hundred years earlier – “princes” loyal only to their own desires. by...

Sigismund I the Old: A good, thrifty king
The 554th anniversary of Sigismund I the Old’s birthday

Military victories will always hold a prominent place in the collective memory. This in part is due to their nature. When an enemy invades our country, the efforts the political community is forced to take is an existential challenge. The alternative, a defeat, would mean the deaths of many people and the country’s loss of...

December 1980: The Soviet invasion of Poland
Was Moscow really planning to invade Poland?

At the beginning of the winter of 1980, Warsaw Pact countries mobilized several divisions to take part in Soyuz-80 maneuvers scheduled on 8 December 1980. The White House was afraid that under the pretext of exercising, the Soviet army would enter Poland and break up Solidarity. Was Moscow really planning to invade Poland? by Tomasz...

Two men on the Jewish street. The fate of Wiktor Alter and Henryk Erlich
a story of Polish-Jewish socialists murdered by the Soviets

When the Germans invaded Poland on 1 September 1939, these two men called upon Polish Jews to fight. Then they attacked Stalin and paid the ultimate price. Up to this day, the deaths of Wiktor Alter and Henryk Erlich, leaders and activists of the General Jewish Labour Bund, a Polish Jewish socialist party, are among...

Szymon Czechowicz: Old Polish Raphael, master of minuet in painting
The Genius of the Baroque. Szymon Czechowicz 1689–1775 – the exhibition

Politics and culture go their own ways. Fragmented Italy, plunged into feuds, gave the world the Renaissance. Spain suffered defeat after defeat in the 17th century, but was in its golden age in the field of literature and art. At the end of the reign of Jan III Sobieski, the Polish-Lithuanian state fell into utter...

The Nihil novi Constitution
516th anniversary of proclamation of the Act

The Nihil novi Constitution was adopted by the General Sejm (parliament) convened in the city of Radom in 1505. Its passage entailed one of the stages in the conflict between the magnates of the royal council and the representation of the szlachta (gentry) gathered in the Chamber of Deputies – i.e., the lower house of...

Adam Jerzy Czartoryski: in the service of the Polish cause
251st anniversary of birthday

In his actions and writings, Adam Jerzy Czartoryski combined the ethics of the Enlightenment with a romantic vision of the world. From St. Petersburg and Paris he pursued a European policy, and in his book Rozważania o dyplomacji (Reflections on Diplomacy, 1830) he presented and developed the idea of ​​a united continent ‘A Europe of...

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Polishhistory is an online project of the Polish History Museum in Warsaw. It is primarily addressed to all those interested in Polish and Central European history. Our aim is to build a community consisting of those professionally involved in research and of those interested in the outcomes of research, essentially, all lovers of history. The...