1945 – the Polish perspective

In the evening of the 17th of January 1945 in Moscow, 24 cannon salutes were fired to celebrate the capture of Warsaw. After 75 years the Russian government is replicating this gesture by organizing a firework show – along with the same salutes. Sadly, Kremlin is not only copying old gestures, but also returning to…


Adam Jerzy Czartoryski: in the service of the Polish cause

In his actions and writings, Adam Jerzy Czartoryski combined the ethics of the Enlightenment with a romantic vision of the world. From St. Petersburg and Paris he pursued a European policy, and in his book Rozważania o dyplomacji (Reflections on Diplomacy) (1830) he presented and developed the idea of ​​a united continent ‘A Europe of…


Polish government reacts to the Russian accusations

The 20th century brought the world inconceivable suffering and the death of hundreds of millions of people killed in the name of sick, totalitarian ideologies. The death toll of Nazism, fascism and communism is obvious for people of our generation. It is also obvious who is responsible for those crimes – and whose pact started…


Second Edition of Poland-Lithuania Cooperation and Dialogue Forum

Historian Alfredas Bumblauskas, poet and translator Kornelijus Platelis and the company Kauno tiltai are this year’s recipients of awards bestowed by the Poland-Lithuania Cooperation and Dialogue Forum. ‘It is important for us to strengthen Polish-Lithuanian relations,’ said Robert Kostro, director of the Polish History Museum, during the award ceremony. In his letter read out by…


“Genocide as a Crime under International Law”

Rafał Lemkin (1900–59) was an outstanding criminal law expert of Polonised-Jewish descent. He graduated from the Faculty of Law at the John Casimir University (Uniwersytet Jana Kazimierza) in Lwów. He contributed to the codification of the Polish penal law, and analysed criminal legislations of the totalitarian regimes of Italy and Soviet Russia. In 1933, he…


German crimes in occupied Poland

The double attack on Poland by Nazi Germany and the USSR in September 1939 led to the effective dissolution of the Polish state. Although Poland lost its sovereignty, its legal authorities continued to function, organising the Polish armed forces in France and later in Great Britain. Under these circumstances, the primary aim of the Polish…


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