Józef Piłsudski’s address to troops of the Riflemen’s Association and the Polish Rifle Squads
108th anniversary

The Republic of Poland lost its independence in the 18th century as a result of 3 partitions of its territory conducted by its neighbors — Russia, Prussia, and Austria — in 1772, 1792 (only Russia and Prussia), and 1795. The 3rd partition whiped Poland off the map. Throughout the 19th century Poles made numerous attempts...

Hanka Ordonówna - from the stage to a Soviet labor camp
The bumpy road of a star of the Polish stage

“Love will forgive you everything” – sang Hanka Ordonówna yet this love would turn out to be disastrous for her. One of the greatest pre-war stars of the stage would experience the hell of the sovkhoz. She died shortly after the end of the Second World War at the age of 48. Her life reads...

Władysław Anders: A defiant officer and powerful commander
The 52nd anniversary of Władysław Anders’ death

General Władysław Anders was a great patriot, an ambitious commander, a victor of many battles, and a man who saved thousands of his countrymen from Soviet prisons. He was also a powerful politician who opposed the will of foreign powers. He died on 12 May 1970 in London. by Piotr Bejrowski Władysław Anders was born...

Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński: on the road to greatness (1901–1956)

Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński played an extremely important role in the history of Poland. His Primate’s ministry (1948–1981) fell entirely during the period of communist dictatorship. The Primate not only secured the survival of the Church, but also contributed to the growth of its public authority, and the formation of opposition attitudes towards the undemocratic power....

Alexandra Richie: The Warsaw Uprising remains a symbol of the struggles which have been made by the Poles in the name of freedom
An interview with Alexandra Richie

On the 1st of August Poland will commemorate the 76th Anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising. It was one of the final chapters of the World War II and one of the largest acts of resistance both against Nazi and Soviet totalitarianisms. Alexandra Richie, a Canadian historian living in Warsaw, vividly depicted the Uprising’s fate in...

Warsaw Uprising
78th anniversary of the outbreak

It was not until late July 1944 that the decision had been taken to fight an uprising against the German occupation forces in Warsaw. Prior to that, commanders of the Home Army had no intention of taking military action in Warsaw, wishing to avoid war damage and the suffering of civilians. by Łukasz Wojtach  ...

The Sikorski-Maisky Agreement: a tactical success but a strategic defeat
The treaty between the Soviet Union and Poland

The Sikorski-Maisky Agreement, concluded at the end of July 1941 between the USSR ambassador and the Prime Minister of the Polish Government-in-Exile, provided an opportunity to free hundreds of thousands of Polish citizens from labor camps and prisons, enabled the establishment of Polish armed forces in the USSR, and strengthened the anti-Hitler coalition. At the...

Karolina Lanckorońska: aristocrat, scholar, and patron

Countess Karolina Lanckorońska is best known for her memoirs titled Those Who Trespass Against Us: One Woman’s War Against the Nazis (‘War Memoirs’ in Polish). In the memory of Polish historians, whom she often generously supported, she went down in history as a scholar and patron of science. She was the first woman in Poland...

Paintings by Members of St Luke’s Brotherhood Now Back in Poland

Thanks to the long-standing efforts of the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage and the personal involvement of the Deputy Prime Minister/Minister of Culture and National Heritage Prof. Piotr Gliński, a series of seven paintings by members of St Luke’s Brotherhood and four tapestries by Mieczysław Szymański have returned to Poland after 83 years. The...

Constitution of the Duchy of Warsaw
granted by Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte

Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte’s victorious campaign against Prussia and Russia in 1806-1807 ended with the Treaties of Tilsit, which laid the foundations for the revival of the Polish state as a rump Duchy of Warsaw, ruled by Saxon king Fryderyk August (Frederick August I), grandson of the Polish king August III and a descendant of Jan...

Władysław Konopczyński: an archive afficionado, record-holder, and biographer of a thousand Poles
(26 November 1880 – 12 July 1952)

Władysław Konopczyński was a great figure in Polish historical science. Polish culture owes monumental works to him, for whom archives and libraries throughout Europe had no secrets. He led an interesting and somewhat controversial life across several epochs. by Tomasz Siewierski   Warsaw-Lwów beginnings It seemed that Władysław, born in Warsaw in 1880, would spend...

A Turkish bashaw and the nobility
Review of the book by Mariusz Kaczka & Dariusz Kołodziejczyk

Polish-Turkish relations in the modern era are primarily seen through the prism of the conflicts that the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth had with the Ottoman Empire over several hundred years. Many works have been written on this subject, whose authors have discussed military campaigns, territorial changes, the economic consequences of war, as well as diplomatic relations in...

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Polishhistory is an online project of the Polish History Museum in Warsaw. It is primarily addressed to all those interested in Polish and Central European history. Our aim is to build a community consisting of those professionally involved in research and of those interested in the outcomes of research, essentially, all lovers of history. The...