|Call For Papers for the 7th Polish-Israeli Young Scholars Workshop on the History and Culture of Polish Jews in Kraków|
|Doctoral Students and recent PHD’s are invited to take part in the 7th Polish – Israeli Young Scholars Workshop on the History and Culture of Polish Jews that will take place in Kraków from June 29 to July 2, 2020.
The 7th Polish-Israeli Young Scholars Workshop will be hosted and organized by Institute of Jewish Studies of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, in cooperation with other academic institutions in Israel (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Tel Aviv University, Bar Ilan University, Open University of Israel) and in Poland (Jagiellonian University in Kraków, University of Wrocław).
The workshop will include presentations by doctoral students and recent post-doctoral scholars, responses by senior scholars, discussions, keynote lectures and cultural activities.
The organizers are expecting applications from young scholars whose dissertations are dealing with any aspects of the history and culture of Polish Jews and heritage of Polish Jewry in Israel, Poland and Diaspora.
Application process and deadline
Candidates should submit an application in English to the organizers at the Institute of Jewish Studies of the Jagiellonian University at the following e-mail address: workshop.krakow2020@
Applications should consist of one Word or PDF file and include:
For further details please contact:
- October 17, 1849 - Renowned Polish composer and virtuoso pianist Frédéric Chopin died in Paris, probably of tuberculosis. A luminary of the Romantic era, he is often called ”the poet of the piano.”
- October 16, 1978 - Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyła was elected Pope. In a tribute to his immediate predecessor, he took the regnal name of John Paul II. The Krakow-born Wojtyła was the first non-Italian Pope in 455 years. He played a significant role in the fall of communism.
- October 15, 1817 - Polish statesman, engineer, and military leader Tadeusz Kościuszko died in Solothurn, Switzerland. Kościuszko fought in the Polish struggles against Russia and Prussia and with the American army in the American Revolutionary War. As Supreme Commander of the Polish National Armed Forces, he led the 1794 Kościuszko Uprising. He is a national hero in Poland, Lithuania, and the United States.
- October 14, 1864 - Polish novelist and dramatist Stefan Żeromski was born. He was a member of the Young Poland movement at the turn of the 20th century. Żeromski often touched upon social issues in his works and is sometimes called the ”conscience of Polish literature.”
- October 13, 1805 - The Krzemieniec Lyceum was opened. A Polish school in Krzemieniec in Volhynia, it was founded with help from Hugo Kołłątaj by Tadeusz Czacki. It operated between 1805-1831 and was reactivated between 1922-1939. It was also called “the Volhynian Athens” and played a significant role in developing Polish culture in Volhynia.
- October 12, 1840 - Helena Modrzejewska (Modjeska) was born in KrakówKrakow. She was a renowned actress specializing in Shakespearean and tragic roles and is considered one of the greatest Polish actresses in history.
- October 11, 1779 - Casimir Pułaski died in America at the Second Battle of Savannah in Georgia. He was a Polish nobleman, soldier, and officer who has been called ”the father of the American cavalry.” Pułaski was one of the leading military commanders of the Bar Confederation and fought against the Russian domination over Poland. Later, he traveled to North America to support Americans during the American Revolutionary War.
- October 10, 1410 - The Battle of Koronowo took place as part of Poland’s Great War against the Teutonic Order. The Poles were victorious, and it contributed to the signing of the peace of Thorn 1411.
- October 9, 1944 - Heinrich Himmler ordered the complete destruction of Warsaw in retaliation for the outbreak of the uprising. An example of the bestiality of the German fight against Polish culture, the destruction of Warsaw did not serve any military or colonial purpose; it was carried out solely as an act of reprisal.
- October 8, 1910 - Maria Konopnicka died in Lwów. She was a Polish poet, novelist, children’s writer, and activist for women’s rights and Polish independence. She was one of the most important poets of Poland’s Positivist period. Her works were highly patriotic, such as ”Rota,” which was set to the music by Feliks Nowowiejski and two years later became an unofficial anthem of Poland.
- October 7, 1620 - Polish magnate and writer Stanisław Żółkiewski died following the Battle of Cecora against the Ottoman Empire. He was one of the most accomplished military commanders in the history of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Żółkiewski’s best-known victory was against the combined Russian and Swedish forces at the battle of Klushino in 1610.
- October 6, 1939 - The Battle of Kock ended in Poland’s defeat, resulting in German and Soviet forces gaining full control over Poland. Tactically the battle was a victory for the Poles, but strategically it was won by the twice as large German forces. It was the last battle of the 1939 Polish defensive war fought by the regular army.
- October 5, 1939 - 38 defenders of the Polish Post Office in Gdańsk were shot by Nazi Germans. The Defense of the Polish Post Office in Gdańsk was one of the first acts of World War II. All but four of the defenders, who were able to escape from the building during the surrender, were sentenced to death by a German court-martial as illegal combatants and executed.
- October 2-3, 1944 - After 63 days of fighting, the Warsaw Uprising ended. It was among the largest military efforts undertaken by European resistance movements during World War II. About 16,000 members of the Polish resistance were killed and about 6,000 badly wounded. In addition, between 150,000 and 200,000 Polish civilians died, mostly from mass executions by the Germans.
- October 2, 1413 - The Union of Horodło was signed. This confirmed the common policy of both Poland and Lithuania, introduced the institution of a separate Grand Duke in Lithuania, elected by the King of Poland on the advice and knowledge of Lithuanian boyars and Polish lords, established joint Polish-Lithuanian parliaments and conventions, and equated the Lithuanian Catholic nobility with Polish families.
- October 1, 1817 - The Philomath Society, a secret student organization, was created at the Imperial University of Vilnius. Striving for moral improvement, it called for the cultivation of Polish national traditions and culture. In 1823, the organization was discovered by Russian authorities, and some members were sentenced to imprisonment or “katorga” and exiled to Siberia. Notable members included Adam Mickiewicz, Ignacy Domejko and Tomasz Zan.
- October 4, 1918 - General Józef Haller took supreme command of the Polish Army in France. The army was formed on 4 June 1917 and was made up of Polish volunteers serving alongside allied forces in France during World War I. Haller’s troops subsequently took part in Poland’s victory over the advancing Bolshevik forces in the Polish-Soviet War.
- October 31, 1945 - Polish politician Wincenty Witos died in Kraków. One of the founders of the Polish agrarian movement, he was a prominent member and leader of the Polish People’s Party (PSL), who served three times as the Prime Minister of Poland in the 1920s.
- September 30, 1700 - Stanisław Konarski was born. He was a Polish pedagogue, educational reformer, political writer, poet, dramatist, Piarist priest, and a precursor of the Enlightenment in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- September 29, 1802 - Polish General Władysław Jabłonowski died in Haiti. He had fought in Tadeusz Kościuszko’s uprising and then served as a leader of the Danube Legion, a Polish unit in the service of Napoleonic France. He is the first known Polish general of African descent.
- September 28, 1865 - The premiere of ”The Haunted Manor” (Straszny dwór) opera with music by Stanisław Moniuszko and a libretto by Jan Chęciński took place at the Grand Theater in Warsaw, followed by a great patriotic manifestation.
- September 27, 1939 - The ”Gray Ranks” (Polish: Szare Szeregi) were created in Warsaw. This was a codename for the underground paramilitary Polish Scouting Association of children and youngsters. The organization actively resisted and fought the German occupation of Warsaw until 18 January 1945 and significantly contributed to the resistance operations of the Polish Underground State.
- September 26, 1920 - The Battle of the Niemen River, which was decisive for the Polish-Bolshevik war, ended. It was the second major military success of the Polish Army in the counteroffensive against the Red Army after the Battle of Warsaw.
- September 25, 1967 - General Stanisław Sosabowski died in London. He fought in the Battle of Arnhem in 1944, during Operation Market Garden, as commander of the Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade. Like many other Polish wartime officers and soldiers who were unable to return to Communist Poland, he eventually settled in England, where he worked, among other things, as a factory worker.
- September 24, 1821 - Cyprian Kamil Norwid was born. A Polish poet, prose writer, playwright, sculptor, painter, and philosopher, he is often considered the last of the four most important Polish Romantic poets.
- September 23, 1908 - The Polish poet and novelist Jadwiga Łuszczewska, known as Deotyma, died in Warsaw. Her young adult historical novels were quite popular, especially ”Panienka z okienka” (Maiden from the Window).
- September 22, 1939 - The Battle of Lwów ended. It was fought between the Polish Army and the invading Wehrmacht and the Red Army. Although Poles signed the act of surrender, the Soviets broke the previously agreed upon terms. The vast majority of the defenders who were captured were sent to prisoner-of-war camps and then murdered.
- September 21, 1845 - The Polish novelist, playwright, editor, translator, teacher, and activist Klementyna Hoffmanowa died near Paris. She was the first woman in Poland to make a living from writing and teaching, as well as one of Poland’s first writers of children’s literature.
- September 20, 1920 - Battle of the Niemen River began. It was the second-greatest battle of the Polish-Soviet War after the Battle of Warsaw (16-25 August 1920). The Poles outflanked the Soviets and crushed the Red Army, thwarting Bolshevik plans to take over Poland and export the communist revolution to Western Europe.
- September 19, 1897 - Polish poet and political writer Kornel Ujejski died near Lwów. Named the ”last of the greatest poets of Romanticism” his writing conveyed patriotic and historic messages meant to support the Polish people in their fight for independence.
- September 18, 1939 - The Battle of Wilno began. The battle was fought by the Polish Army against the Soviet invasion of Poland on 18-19 September 1939. In the aftermath, the Soviets transferred Wilno to Lithuania according to the Soviet–Lithuanian Mutual Assistance Treaty.
- September 17, 1939 - The Soviet invasion of Poland began without a formal declaration of war. The Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east, sixteen days after Germany invaded Poland from the west. This act was the implementation of a secret protocol of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact signed on 23 August 1939, which divided Poland into ”spheres of influence” between the two powers and drastically impacted the future existence of the Polish state and nation.
- September 16, 1825 - The important sentimental Polish poet Franciszek Karpiński died. An important Polish figure during the Age of Enlightenment, Karpiński wrote several religious and patriotic songs, hymns, and carols. He is the author of ”Bóg się rodzi” (God Is Born), one of the most beloved Polish Christmas carols.
- September 15, 1862 - Polish romantic poet, writer, and translator Władysław Syrokomla died in Wilno. His works greatly influenced many artists of the 19th century; among them were the Polish poet Teofil Lenartowicz and the Russian classical composer Pyotr Tchaikovsky.
- September 14, 2000 - Jerzy Giedroyc died in Maisons-Laffitte, France. He was a Polish writer, émigré publicist, political activist, and one of the most important figures of the Polish diaspora. For many years he was an editor of ”Kultura," the highly influential Paris-based periodical on culture and politics.
- September 13, 1894 - Polish poet Julian Tuwim was born in Łódź. He was the co-founder of the Skamander group of experimental poets and was a major figure in Polish literature during the interwar period. He was also admired for his contribution to children’s literature.
- September 12, 1683 - The Battle of Vienna took place. It was fought by the Holy Roman Empire and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, both under the command of Polish King John III Sobieski, against the Ottomans and their vassal and tributary states. It was a decisive victory for the Christian coalition in the War of the Holy League and the battle marked the historic end of Ottoman imperial expansion into Europe.
- September 11, 1932 - Polish aviators Stanisław Wigura and Franciszek Żwirko fatally crashed in a plane accident in Czechoslovakia. The prominent Polish sport and military aviators won the international air contest Challenge 1932 on a Polish RWD-6 aircraft, which was the first major international success for Polish sport aviation.
- September 10, 1939 - The Battle of Wizna ended. Between 350 and 720 Poles defended a fortified line for three days against more than 40,000 Germans. Wizna is sometimes referred to as the ”Polish Thermopylae.” During the battle, Captain Władysław Raginis, the commanding officer of the Polish force, swore to hold his position as long as he was alive. When his units ran out of ammunition, he ordered his men to surrender their arms and committed suicide by throwing himself on a live grenade.
- September 9, 1939 - The 10-day long Battle of the Bzura began. It was the largest battle of the 1939 German invasion of Poland. It began as a Polish counteroffensive, but the Germans outflanked the Polish forces to seize western Poland. Winston Churchill called this battle an ”ever-glorious struggle.”
- September 8, 1968 - Ryszard Siwiec committed suicide by public self-immolation in protest against the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia. He was a Polish accountant and former Home Army resistance member.
- September 7, 1943 - Operation Bürkl was carried out. The operation’s goal was to liquidate Franz Bürkl, a notorious member of the Sicherheitspolizei (Security Police) and one of the most sadistic officers in the Pawiak prison in Warsaw. He had been sentenced to death by the Polish Special Courts (a part of the Polish Underground State) for the murder of at least several dozen people.
- September 6, 1831 - Polish artillery general Józef Sowiński died in Warsaw. He was known as one of Poland’s November 1830 Uprising heroes. He personally commanded the heroic defense of the Polish capital’s western approaches until he was bayonetted to death by the Russians just after the surrender negotiations. His death was immortalized by Polish poets, including Juliusz Słowacki in his “Sowiński w okopach Woli” (Sowiński in the Wola Trenches).
- September 5, 1915 - The Polish painter and art theoretician Stanisław Witkiewicz died in Lovran, a Croatian resort town. He was known for inventing the “Zakopane Style” of architecture (also known as the “Witkiewicz Style”), in which he designed homes and interiors for well-off and artistically inclined Poles.
- September 4, 1809 - Polish Romantic poet Juliusz Słowacki was born. Considered one of the ”Three Bards” of Polish literature, he was a major figure in the Polish Romantic period and the founding father of modern Polish drama. His most popular works include the poems “Beniowski," ”Testament mój,” and the dramas ”Kordian” and ”Balladyna.”
- September 3, 1941 - In Auschwitz, the Nazi Germans used Zyklon B to execute 600 Soviet POWs and 250 Poles. It was the first instance of this gas being used to commit mass murder. In early 1942, Zyklon B was the preferred killing tool in extermination camps during the Holocaust. They used it to kill roughly 1.1 million people in gas chambers at Auschwitz-Birkenau, Majdanek, and elsewhere.
- September 2, 1621 - The battle of Chocim began between the army of the Commonwealth led by Jan Karol Chodkiewicz and the Turkish army under the command of Sultan Osman II. The siege of the city ended with a tactical victory of the Commonwealth's army and the signing of a treaty confirming the provisions of the Peace of Busza.
- September 1, 1939 - Nazi Germany invaded Poland and began World War II. This was followed by a global war, directly involving more than 100 million people from more than 30 countries. It was the deadliest conflict in the history of humanity, resulting in 70 to 85 million fatalities.
- August 31, 1945 - Stefan Banach, an outstanding Polish mathematician, died in Lwów. He is considered one of the world’s most important and influential mathematicians of the 20th century, especially known as the founder of modern functional analysis.
- August 30, 1938 - Max Factor Sr. (born Maksymilian Faktorowicz) died in the USA. He was a Polish-American businessman, beautician, entrepreneur, and inventor of Jewish descent. He founded the cosmetics giant Max Factor & Company.
- August 29, 1756 - Jan Śniadecki was born. He was a mathematician, philosopher, astronomer, member of the Commission of National Education, and the director of astronomical observatories in Kraków and Wilno.
- August 28, 1946 - Danuta Siedzikówna ”Inka” was murdered in Gdańsk. Siedzikówna was a Polish medical orderly and member of the anti-communist resistance movement. Captured, tortured, and sentenced to death at the age of 17 by the communist authorities, she is considered today a national heroine of Poland.
- August 27, 1894 - Kazimierz Wierzyński was born in Drohobycz. He was a Polish poet, journalist, elected member of the prestigious Polish Academy of Literature in the Second Polish Republic, and co-founder of the Skamander group of poets. His early poems celebrated the joy of living, but his later works, written in exile, are more somber and socially conscious.
- August 26, 1938 - Teodor Axentowicz died in Kraków. Axentowicz was a Polish painter and the rector of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków. Famous for his portraits, he was awarded many gold medals at both national and international exhibitions.
- August 25, 1905 - Saint Faustyna Kowalska was born in Głogowiec. She was a Polish Roman Catholic nun and mystic. Her visions of Jesus Christ inspired Roman Catholic devotion to Divine Mercy.
- August 24, 1776 - Józef Hoene-Wroński was born in Wolsztyn. Hoene-Wrońsk was a Polish Messianist philosopher, mathematician, physicist, and inventor. He was engaged in mathematical analysis, especially developing functions into a power series and differential equations. His most important achievements include the development of the eponymously named functional determinant of equations, the Wrońskian.
- August 23, 1939 - Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed a non-aggression treaty, the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. The pact’s Secret Protocol divided the Baltic states, Finland, Romania, and Poland between the two totalitarian regimes. As a result of this mutual agreement, World War II broke out a week later, on 1 September 1939.
- August 22, 1584 - Jan Kochanowski died in Lublin. He was a Polish Renaissance poet who established the poetic patterns that would become integral to Poland’s literary language. He is commonly regarded as the greatest Polish poet before Adam Mickiewicz.
- August 21, 1944 - Maciej Kalenkiewicz was killed by the NKVD in Surkonty. Kalenkiewicz was a soldier of Henryk Dobrzański’s military unit, officer of the Home Army loyal to the Polish Government in Exile, and member of Cichociemni (elite special-operations paratroopers).
- August 20, 1845 - Albert Chmielowski was born. He was a Polish nobleman, noted painter, disabled veteran of the January Uprising of 1863, founder of both the Albertine Brothers and Sisters, and Roman Catholic saint. Chmielowski abandoned his painting career to live among the poor and to follow a beggar’s lifestyle. Karol Wojtyła (later Pope John Paul II) wrote a well-received play about him, entitled ”Our God’s Brother.”
- August 19, 1970 - Paweł Jasienica died in Warsaw. Jasienica was a Polish historian, journalist, essayist, and member of the anti-Soviet resistance. His books, popular to this day, played an important role in promoting Polish history among several generations of readers.
- August 18, 1925 - Polish Radio was founded and began regular broadcasts from Warsaw a few months after. From 1931, Polish Radio operated one national channel, transmitted through one of Europe’s most powerful longwave transmitters and nine regional stations.
- August 17, 1629 - Jan Sobieski was born at Olesko Castle. He was elected King of Poland in 1674. An able military leader, Sobieski is most famous for his victory over the Turks at the Battle of Vienna in 1683. The defeated Ottomans named Sobieski the ”Lion of Lechistan," and the Pope hailed him as the ”savior of Western Christendom.”
- August 16, 1910 - Zygmunt Gloger died in Warsaw. Gloger was a Polish historian and ethnographer. His life’s work was the ”Encyklopedia staropolska ilustrowana” (1900-1903), still considered a fundamental work about the culture of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- August 15, 1920 - The Polish Army stopped Soviet troops during the Battle of Warsaw and halted the spread of communism further westwards into Europe. The battle resulted in a decisive Polish victory during the Polish-Soviet War. Lord D’Abernon called it “The eighteenth [most] decisive battle of the world.”
- August 14, 1941 - Maximilian Kolbe died in the German death camp of Auschwitz. He was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar who volunteered to die in place of a stranger. In 1982, he was canonized as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church. John Paul II declared him ”The Patron Saint of Our Difficult Century.”
- August 13, 1920 - The Battle of Warsaw began. Bolshevik troops led by Mikhail Tukhachevsky attacked Polish positions just 23 kilometers shy of Warsaw. On the verge of total defeat, Poland repulsed and defeated the Red Army in a battle that Vladimir Lenin, the Bolshevik leader, called ”an enormous defeat” for his forces.
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