Freedom and Truth

1. It happened 70 years ago. They were tied up and killed with a shot to the back of the head, as there was less blood spilt this way. Later on the bodies – still with the buttons of their uniforms depicting eagles on – were placed in deep ditches. Here, in Katyn, four thousand…


“Ashes, ashes we all fall down”. A history of epidemics in Poland

Over the course of history, societies have experienced ongoing waves of epidemics and pandemics of infectious diseases. Poland has not been excluded in this. These bouts of sickness did not only impact history but also the development of medicine, the functioning of state institutions and the nation’s way of life. by Michał Szukała Throughout human…


Deliver us from famine, destruction, earthquake…

Fear has accompanied man’s earthly journey for millennia. Until recently, nuclear war has been the biggest danger. Now, it is climate change. Until the end of the 19th Century, the greatest source of fear was the deadly triumvirate of war, famine and epidemic. Diseases occupy a special place among the roots of our anxiety. by…


Ambassador Józef Lipski visiting Hitler on 20 September 1938

There is no point in discussing Poland’s responsibility for the outbreak of World War II. Those who make this claim are fully aware of the fact that it in no way corresponds with reality. Unfortunately, this is because a lie has long served as a tool of Russian historical policy. Insulting accusations by the leader…


The Balcerowicz plan: an economic leap into the unknown

Three decades ago, parliament passed a package of bills rebuilding the Polish economy – they came to be known as “The Balcerowicz plan”. The dispute over the assessment of these reforms has been ongoing since 1989. One thing is certain – it was a pioneering operation that allowed for a rapid transition from communism to…


The Polish-Bolshevik War

The Battle on the Vistula was the biggest  in the Polish-Bolshevik war of 1919–1920. The battle between the Vistula, Niemen and Bug Rivers still surprises with its dramatic action and unexpected reversals. After a series of Polish strategic failures in the war in 1919, in March 1920 the Bolsheviks developed a plan for destroying Poland….


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