Polish exiles were encountered with particular hostility

In Kolyma or in other camps, Poles learned from NKVD officers that the purpose of their work was not punishment but “death”. All the prisoners who managed to survive emphasized that Kolyma was not a punishment, but a process of dying over time, says Sebastian Warlikowski, editor of the collection of memoirs “Nie tylko Kołyma….


Poland never agreed to form an alliance against the Soviets

“Poland never agreed to form an alliance against the Soviets. Piłsudski always used to say: ‘normalization yes, but alliance no’. It was a consistent element in Poland’s message throughout their discussions with German representatives. Meanwhile, Hitler wanted to go to war, and he did not want stability in Europe”, says Krzysztof Rak, managing director of…



‘The homelessness of a Sovietologist’: Wiktor Sukiennicki and the Polish school of Sovietology

The main message of Sukiennicki’s biography is intellectual independence won even at the price of marginalisation and isolation, fidelity to the belief that research can show the truth about the world, says Professor Sławomir Łukasiewicz.    polishhistory.pl: Wiktor Sukiennicki is a figure of great merit for Sovietology and the understanding of the functioning of the…


Biskupin – A discovery that shocked archeology

At a time when, according to Livy, Romulus was being founded in Rome, an impressive castle was also being built far in the north, testifying to the high level of development of the people living in the area. The discovery of a settlement in Biskupin turned out to be one of the most important events…



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