The Establishment of the Bar Confederation

Ewa Zientara: Why was the Bar Confederation formed? Dorota Dukwicz: This question is only seemingly easy. In 1767 the Radom Confederates hoped that Russia would help them depose the hated King Stanisław II Augustus and move away the spectre of the demands made by the non-Catholic nobility, that is, dissenters, or dissidents, as they were…


Beautiful minds. Extraordinary mathematicians from Lwów

“In fact, the story of Lwów mathematicians had little chances of happening, because this mathematical phenomenon brought together people who came from completely different social strata. There were twenty or twenty-odd at most. If it was not for mathematics, they wouldn’t have met. And they would not have created a school written about in encyclopedias…


Biskupin – A discovery that shocked archeology

At a time when, according to Livy, Romulus was being founded in Rome, an impressive castle was also being built far in the north, testifying to the high level of development of the people living in the area. The discovery of a settlement in Biskupin turned out to be one of the most important events…


The Polish manor house – A symbol of tradition

“I am the Polish manor house, which fights bravely and loyally stands on guard,” was written above the entrance to a manor in Pęcice in the Masovian region. This short sentence, like no other, seems to contain the key to the importance of the manors of the Polish noble and landed gentry. To begin with,…


Would Poland have regained its independence without the help of the fighters from the Combat Organization of the Polish Socialist Party in 1905-1907?

‘Undoubtedly, this revolution shaped a different type of Pole. The one who already spoke their own language and was able to fight for workers’ rights’ says Wacław Holewiński about the 1905 revolution in Poland.   Mateusz Balcerkiewicz: History plays an important role in your work. Would you say you are a historical writer? Wacław Holewiński:…


The Genesis of Customs Specific to All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day

Withal, do not forget the deade: whatever your stacyon, take this dae to remember your father’s soule, and your mother’s, and the soules of your compeers.   polishhistory: Dr. Grodziska, the dead are revered across all cultures. What is the origin of the traditions and customs underlying All Saints’ Day in our culture? Dr. Karolina…


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