Kazimierz Prószyński: a pioneer of world cinematography

Kazimierz Prószyński was a cinematographer, director and inventor whose importance in the development of cinematography was highlighted by the famous Lumière brothers. by Piotr Bejrowski   He was born on 4 April 1875 in Warsaw and was the son of Konrad, an educational activist, founder of the National Education Society and publisher whose “Primer” was…


Hugo Kołłątaj: the dominant ideologue of the Polish Enlightenment

Hugo Kołłątaj was a towering figure of the Polish Enlightenment: a statesman, political writer and philosopher, as well as a promoter of science and education. He was a spokesman for socio-economic and political changes and a co-creator of the Constitution of 3rd May 1791. He was born in Derkały Wielkie in Volhynia on 1 April…


Lwów Vows of King John II Casimir (1 April 1656)

From the early days, the reign of Jan Kazimierz was plagued by wars that beset the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, starting with a Cossack revolt supported by Tatar forces in 1648, through wars with Muscovy (1654-1667), Sweden (1655-1660), Brandenburg (1656-1657) and Transylvania (1657), to fighting the Cossacks and Tatars in 1667. The Swedish invasion of 1655 proved…


Easter in Old Polish Times

Easter is a special holiday in Polish culture. Although most families still celebrate it solemnly today, in previous years it certainly aroused even greater emotion. Let’s take a look at how the Resurrection of Jesus Christ was celebrated in the modern era. by Anna Wójciuk   Easter is the most important Christian holiday, commemorating the…


To the Polish people. Manifesto of the Movement for Defence of Human and Citizen’s Rights

A wave of protests swept over Poland in June 1976 after the announcement of an increase in groceries’ prices. The authorities eventually resigned from price changes but introduced repression against the protesting workers. This met with a quick response from the intelligentsia, who organised financial and legal support for the repressed and soon started forming…


Halina Konopacka: Miss Olympia

In 1928, at the Olympic Games in Amsterdam, Halina Konopacka won the first gold medal in the history of Polish sport. In the 1920s, no woman in the world could throw the discus further than she did. A versatile sportswoman, she won the “Przegląd Sportowy” poll twice for the best sportsman in Poland (1927 and…


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