Was the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth a failed state?

“Was the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth a failed state?” – a provocative question indeed! The three partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – in 1772, 1793 and 1795 – seem to support the narrative that this ‘failed state’ was put out of its misery by its better governed neighbors – the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia and…


The international online conference Burden of Victory: The Second World War and its consequences from the perspective of 75 years since its end

Do Western European nations remember the war the same way East-Central Europeans do? Who shapes the imagery related to WWII events: historians or mass culture creative artists? Answers to these and other questions will be sought already this coming Friday 8 May by the participants of the conference titled Burden of Victory: The Second World…