"Pilecki" - an unusual report on the hero's 120th birthday

There was only one man in the history of the world who voluntarily went to Nazi German Concentration Camp in Auschwitz, then organised a resistance movement there, and later managed to escape from the camp by his own efforts. His name was Witold Pilecki. On the occasion of the 120th anniversary of the birth of…


A civic history by Tomasz Merta

by Robert Kostro Today, the concept of historical policy has become trivial, but twenty years ago, it could easily provoke fierce dispute in newspapers. A call to “leave history to the historians!” was constantly present in the ongoing intellectual debates. When Poland regained its independence, and a new ruling elite, it was acknowledged for quite…



To the Polish people. Manifesto of the Movement for Defence of Human and Citizen’s Rights

A wave of protests swept over Poland in June 1976 after the announcement of an increase in groceries’ prices. The authorities eventually resigned from price changes but introduced repression against the protesting workers. This met with a quick response from the intelligentsia, who organised financial and legal support for the repressed and soon started forming…


March Constitution 1921

11 November 1918 is considered the symbolic date on which Poland regained its independence. However, the process of laying down the legal foundations of the reborn state continued for a number of years. One of the main things was to draw up a constitution. As early as February 1919, the single-chamber Legislative Sejm (parliament) elected…



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