The birth of local democracy in Poland
the 32nd anniversary of the first free elections of local government in the Third Polish Republic

The 1989 revolution created an opportunity for the resurgence of a democratic state in Poland. That is why the elections for local authorities that were held on 27 May 1990 were so important. It was a first step on the road to rebuilding democracy on a local level after nearly half a century of Communist...

The baptism of Mieszko I: the issue that generated an avalanche
An interview with Professor Andrzej Buko

The beginnings of the Polish state have received a lot of attention, and this period still raises many questions and doubts. How did people live in Poland a thousand years ago? How could Krakow become the cradle of the Piast state? What was the role of Mieszko I’s baptism? And what do we actually know...

Stefan Wyszyński was first of all a teacher and became a statesman out of necessity

Poland bids farewell to a hero not wearing a crown or a general’s uniform but a priest’s cassock. We bid farewell to the one who achieved the greatest victory in the 20th century, although his only weapon was the cross, his only strength faith and his only army the defenceless but faithful Polish people. This is...

Maximilian Maria Kolbe – organizer, monk, and saint
80th anniversary of the deportation of Father Maksymilian Maria Kolbe to KL Auschwitz

Maximilian Maria Kolbe is a symbol of faith and sacrifice for many Poles. His decision to sacrifice his life for a fellow prisoner is a heroic example of humanity during inhuman times. by Piotr Abryszeński   As an adult, Maximilian Kolbe recalled that when he was a boy he had experienced a vision of the...

Bronisław Piłsudski: researcher of the Ainu
From conspiracy to ethnography

Bronisław Piłsudski was the older brother of Józef Piłsudski, one of the leaders responsible for bringing about Poland’s return to independence in 1918 after more than one hundred and twenty years of partitions. Józef’s decision to become involved in the independence movement was largely influenced by the fate of Bronisław, who participated in an anti-tsarist...

Jan Kiepura: a tenor with a big heart
Jan Kiepura: a tenor with a big heart

Many film roles, dozens of opera roles, Jan Kiepura, the “second Caruso”, conquered the world with his golden voice and charisma. How did this Polish boxer become an internationally famous singer? by Magdalena Mikrut-Majeranek   From sports to concert halls The road from sports to art was a bumpy one. Jan Kiepura was a man...

Władysław Anders: A defiant officer and powerful commander
The 52nd anniversary of Władysław Anders’ death

General Władysław Anders was a great patriot, an ambitious commander, a victor of many battles, and a man who saved thousands of his countrymen from Soviet prisons. He was also a powerful politician who opposed the will of foreign powers. He died on 12 May 1970 in London. by Piotr Bejrowski Władysław Anders was born...

Józef Poniatowski: “Greater than the king, this prince”
Prince Józef and the Battle of the Nations

He died on 19 October 1813 in the Battle of Leipzig – the decisive Battle of the Nations. The battle decided the fall of the First French Empire, and destroyed many hopes and dreams of reestablishing a sovereign Polish state in Europe. Józef Poniatowski, until the final days of his life, refused even the thought...

Mieczysław Jałowiecki - a forgotten hero of the battle for Polish Gdańsk

Two trusted companions, a gun and a determination to revive the nation after the hardships of war and partition were all that Mieczysław Jałowiecki had when he embarked on a seemingly impossible diplomatic mission to Gdańsk. His courageous efforts would help Poland bolster its new found identity in Gdansk and through his vision and drive...

Like a Phoenix from the Ashes
On the 51st Anniversary of the Reconstruction of the Royal Castle in Warsaw

The former seat of Masovian dukes and Polish-Lithuanian monarchs has remained a symbol of Polish statehood for centuries. It was the venue of parliamentary sessions and witnessed triumphs (such as the homage paid to King Sigismund III by the Russian Tsar taken prisoner), but also shameful events, such as the consent of corrupt and intimidated...

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Polishhistory is an online project of the Polish History Museum in Warsaw. It is primarily addressed to all those interested in Polish and Central European history. Our aim is to build a community consisting of those professionally involved in research and of those interested in the outcomes of research, essentially, all lovers of history. The...