On September 18-20, 2019, the Jubilee 20th General Congress of Polish Historians will be held in Lublin which is to be a great celebration of history. As the members of the Organizing Committee assure, the Congress in Lublin will be not only a meeting “with historical science, but also with various forms of the presence of history in the public sphere: from historical movie and book to historical computer games and historical reconstructions”. The President of the Republic of Poland Andrzej Duda is the honorary patron of the event.
- September 12, 1683 - the Battle of Vienna took place. It was fought by the Habsburg Monarchy, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Holy Roman Empire, under the command of King John III Sobieski against the Ottomans and their vassals. It is often seen as a turning point in history, after which "the Ottoman Turks ceased to be a menace to the Christian world".
- September 11, 1981 - Lady Pank, one of the most popular Polish rock bands, was formed in Wrocław by Jan Borysewicz and Andrzej Mogielnicki
- September 10, 1939 - the last Polish bunker surrendered to Germans during the Battle of Wizna, during the initial stages of invasion of Poland. Between 350 and 720 Poles defended a fortified line for three days against more than 40,000 Germans. Although defeat was inevitable, the Polish defence stalled the attacking forces for three days and postponed the encirclement of other Polish units fighting nearby
- September 9, 1596 - Anna Jagiellon, the Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania from 1575 to 1586, died in Warsaw. She was a daughter of Polish King Sigismund I the Old and his Italian wife Bona Sforza. After the death of King Sigismund II Augustus, her brother and the last male member of the Jagiellonian dynasty, Anna's hand was sought by pretenders to the Polish throne to maintain the dynastic tradition.
- September 7, 1939 - the soldiers of Westerplatte decided to surrender, due to lack of ammunition and supplies. As a sign of honor, Germans allowed the commander Major Henryk Sucharski to keep his sword while being taken prisoner.
- September 3, 1939 - France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia declared war on Germany after the invasion of Poland
- September 1, 1882 - First Proletariat (or Great Proletariat), the first Polish socialist party, proclaimed its political program. Ludwik Waryński, an activist and theoretician of the socialist movement, was a crucial figure that formulated final version of its postulates
- August 31, 1945 - died Stefan Banach, one of the world's most influential mathematicians of 20th century, known especially as the founder of modern functional analysis
- August 30, 1939 - the mobilisation order of the Polish army was issued by President Ignacy Mościcki, starting just one day before the German invasion
- August 29, 1756 - was born Jan Śniadecki, a Polish mathematician, philosopher and astronomer. He published many works, including his observations on recently discovered planetoids. The lunar crater 'Sniadecki' and the main-belt asteroid '1262 Sniadeckia' were named in his honour
- August 28, 1946 - Danuta Siedzikówna, a Polish national heroine was executed by the Communist authorities. She was a medical orderly in the Polish Home Army fighting the Soviet-supported Polish communists. She was only 17 when captured, tortured and finally murdered in the communist prison in Gdańsk
- August 27, 1492 - John I Albert (Jan I Olbracht) was elected the King of Poland after the death of Casimir IV. During his reign, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth strenghtened the uniqueness of its governmental model
- August 26, 1939 - an experimental station in Warsaw, during its test phase, emmited the very first film in the history of Polish television. It was "Barbara Radziwiłłówna" directed by Józef Lejtes and starring Jadwiga Smosarska, one of the biggest stars of the interwar cinema in Poland
- August 25, 1939 - the United Kingdom and Poland formed a military alliance in which London promised to help Poland immediately in case of invasion by a foreign power. The leaders of Nazi Germany were surprised by the agreement, and decided to call off the initial date of invasion on Poland
- August 22, 1988 - on that day, at 7 a.m., some 3000 workers put away their tools in Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk. They proclaimed strike demanding legalization of Solidarność, which was outlawed during the martial law. The strike effectively opened way for the Polish Round Table Agreement and the ultimate fall of communism.
- August 21, 1944 - Maciej Kalenkiewicz, famous Polish military officer, was killed by the NKVD during the Battle at Surkonty. During World War II he received training as a Cichociemny and was delivered to occupied Poland, where he assumed command over the Nowogródek Home Army area. He was one of the Polish commanders of the Operation Tempest and the Operation Ostra Brama.
- What exactly is a museum (by ICON)? The newly proposed definition arises serious doubts
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The Cabinet of Tadeusz Mazowiecki
30th anniversary of the first non-communist premier of Poland after 1945
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Welcome: this is where international meetings take place
An interview with Director Robert Kostro of the Polish History Museum
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