Kroków siedem do końca [Seven steps till the end]

Seventy years ago, Security Office officials managed to trick American intelligence in a somewhat similar way as the Soviets who launched the legendary Operation Trest. They established the fictitious 5th Command of the Freedom and Independence Association which destroyed the activities of the anti-communist armed underground in post-war Poland. by Tomasz Siewierski “Operation Cezary” is…


Facts and myths of Polish Eastern policy during the breakthrough period

The history of Polish transformation and the first years of the Third Republic of Poland never ceases to attract the attention of academics. Paweł Kowal, a well-known expert, researcher and politician (currently a member of the Sejm and earlier, among other positions, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs) has also turned his attention to the…



A Covert Action: Reagan, the CIA, and the Cold War Struggle in Poland

After the introduction of martial law, the CIA launched a program to support the underground movement “Solidarity” with a budget of approximately $20 million. Throughout 1983-1990, money and specialized equipment flowed into Poland. In his book, Seth G. Jones pulls back the curtain on these sensational maneuvers. by Tomasz Kozłowski   The emergence of “Solidarity”…


Sojusz Piłsudski – Petlura. Dokumenty i materiały [Alliance of Pilsudski – Petlura. Documents and Archive Materials]

Many new studies on the political circumstances of the Polish-Bolshevik war have been published on the anniversary of that conflict. Usually, a hundred years will suffice to find and declassify most of the source documents that deserve publication (well, unless we’re dealing with Russian archives). And yet, Sojusz Piłsudski – Petlura. Dokumenty i materiały (Alliance…


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