German crimes in occupied Poland

The double attack on Poland by Nazi Germany and the USSR in September 1939 led to the effective dissolution of the Polish state. Although Poland lost its sovereignty, its legal authorities continued to function, organising the Polish armed forces in France and later in Great Britain. Under these circumstances, the primary aim of the Polish…


Note of the restoration of an independent Polish State

The Polish Republic disappeared from the map of Europe in 1795 as a result of its territory being annexed by its three neighbours: Russia, Prussia and Austria. Many generations of Poles have tried to resurrect the state since then on, their aspirations being of different nature, including political, diplomatic and military activities (along with uprisings)….


1st Armoured Division in documentary and animated films

Exactly 75 years after the 1st Polish Armour Division took control of the Dutch city of Breda driving the Germans out, the Polish History Museum has made films about its commander General Stanisław Maczek (known as a ‘hero of five nations’) and Marian Walentynowicz, one of the soldiers fighting under his command. The event titled…



President Duda and King Willem-Alexander Pay Tribute to General Maczek and His Soldiers

Polish president Andrzej Duda and King of the Netherlands Willem-Alexander paid tribute to Gen. Stanisław Maczek and his soldiers in Breda on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the city’s liberation by the 1st Armoured Division. After the parade, director of the Polish History Museum Robert Kostro presented the PHM’s exhibition General Stanisław Maczek…


Józef Poniatowski: “Greater than the king, this prince”

He died on 19 October 1813 in the Battle of Leipzig – the decisive Battle of the Nations. The battle decided the fall of the First French Empire, and destroyed many hopes and dreams of reestablishing a sovereign Polish state in Europe. Józef Poniatowski, until the final days of his life, refused even the thought…


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