'We Demand the Truth about Katyn!'

Recalling the Katyn Massacre was an important aspect of the activities of the democratic opposition in the Polish People’s Republic (PRL), one of the reasons being the subject’s high importance for society back then. This is best exemplified by the fact that a booklet by Ryszard Zieliński entitled ‘Katyń’ was the most-published material outside of…


Wadowice - the hometown of John Paul II and a poor, idyllic town

A city of 10,000 inhabitants on the Skawa River, Wadowice seems a poor, idyllic place, far away from the hustle and bustle of the world. This is where Karol Wojtyła was born one hundred years ago. by Wojciech Stanisławski Cities and towns have their own destinies. For decades, Wadowice has played the role of the…


He did not return on a white horse. General Władysław Anders

He was compared to Moses taking his people out of captivity. He commanded the Polish armed forces during the most renowned attack they mounted and after the war he was supposed to return to Poland on a white horse. He was wounded on seven occasions. Deprived of Polish citizenship by communists, he became one of…


Second World War: Its Memory and Importance

Just after 11 p.m. on 8 May 1945, the act of unconditional capitulation of the Third Reich was signed in the Berlin quarter of Karlshorst by representatives of the Allies, with the Soviet Marshal Zhukov in attendance, and those of the German command. That put an end, at least formally, to wartime operations in Europe….


The end of the Second World War? A Polish perspective on 8 May 1945

The question of whether the Second World War ended in May 1945 may seem rhetorical or even absurd. However, if we look at the then-reality from a Polish perspective, the matter ceases to be so obvious. by Łukasz Kamiński Do you know what General Leopold Okulicki, the last commander of the Home Army, one of…


How the Constitution of 3 May 1791 was passed

The passing of the Government Act was possible because an understanding had been reached between members of the enlightened opposition and the King, Stanisław August Poniatowski. by Piotr Ugniewski The turning point had been a long discussion between the leader of that opposition, Ignacy Potocki, and the monarch, at the Royal Castle, on 4 December…


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