The Long Road to Lublin
Interview with professor Robert I. Frost

The Union of Lublin created a Republic, formed by two states and two nations. The creation of one political community was a radical step. Nothing like it existed in contemporary European political thought. Polishhistory: The Union of Lublin, was signed more than 450 years ago, on 1 July 1569. Is it worth celebrating? Robert I....

Warsaw Uprising
75th anniversary of the outbreak

It was not until late July 1944 that the decision had been taken to fight an uprising against the German occupation forces in Warsaw. Prior to that, commanders of the Home Army had no intention of taking military action in Warsaw, wishing to avoid war damage and the suffering of civilians. As part of the...

The Polish-Bolshevik War
The heroic Nation Rescued Itself

The Battle on the Vistula was the biggest  in the Polish-Bolshevik war of 1919–1920. The battle between the Vistula, Niemen and Bug Rivers still surprises with its dramatic action and unexpected reversals. After a series of Polish strategic failures in the war in 1919, in March 1920 the Bolsheviks developed a plan for destroying Poland....

21 demands of MKS
the Inter-Factory Strike Committee in Gdańsk, 1980

Communism, which was imposed on Poland in 1945, elicited society’s opposition and resistance. The economic crisis that was becoming increasingly severe in Poland from the mid-1970s, coupled with the growing consolidation of opposition milieux, led to an outbreak of societal discontent in the summer of 1980. Initially, the protests were characterized by uncoordinated strikes in...

Czas przeszły dokonany ("The Simple Past")
book by Adam Pragier

Just published in the 100 Lat Niepodległości. Pamiętniki i wspomnienia series (100 Years of Independence: Diaries and Memoirs), begun in 2013 by the Polish History Museum, is Czas przeszły dokonany (The Simple Past) by Adam Pragier, the three volumes of which stand out against the backdrop of twentieth-century Polish memoirs. Its author, however, is little...

Union of Krewo (Act of Kreva)
634th anniversary

This document, known as the Union of Krewo (also, the Act of Kreva), was issued on August 14, 1385 by  Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila), Grand Duke of Lithuania, as the outcome of the negotiations he had conducted with the Polish lords acting on behalf of the child queen Jadwiga (Hedwig), and Jadwiga’s mother  Elżbieta Bośniaczka (Elisabeth...

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Richard Butterwick-Pawlikowski: Polish liberty was exceptional

1 July 2019
Richard Butterwick-Pawlikowski: Polish liberty was exceptional


About is an online project of the Polish History Museum in Warsaw. It is addressed primarily to all the people who are interested in Polish and Central European history. Our aim is to build community consisted of those professionaly involved in research and of those interested in the outcomes of the research, esentially, to all...